Although Urdu Poetry is a incredibly intricate topic that manifests by itself in several distinct forms, there are sure fundamental components that characterize every Urdu poem. We will now get a appear at how a basic Urdu poem is structured and familiarize ourselves with some of its simple components.
In Urdu Poetry, a poem generally usually takes the kind of a ghazal. A ghazal is a collection of several couplets, termed “ashaar”, that adhere to the guidelines of “bahar”, “radeef”, “matla”, “maqta”, and “qafiya”. Every single couplet, or “sher” expresses a solitary assumed and can stand alone. To comprehend how the usual Urdu poem is structured, it is crucial that you have an understanding of what each of these five terms refer to.
Bahar. In Urdu Poetry, “bahar” refers to the meter, or size, of a couplet. Just about every line of a couplet ought to have the identical bahar as the other. In addition, just about every one couplet in a ghazal ought to have the similar bahar. Urdu Poetry makes use of 19 different forms of bahar which can be labeled into quick, medium, and extensive meters.
Radeef. Radeef in Urdu Poetry refers to the very same term or phrase that is repeated at the end of the next line of each couplet. Hold in thoughts that the radeef are always the specific, similar words for every ghazal.
Matla. Matla in Urdu Poetry refers to the 1st couplet in a ghazal. Both traces of a ghazal’s matla will have to stop in the radeef.
Maqta. Historically, poets of Urdu Poetry normally use pen names which are termed Takhallus. The takhallus is ordinarily integrated into the very last couplet of the poem as a type of signature. The past couplet of a ghazal that has the takhallus is referred to as the “maqta”.
Qafiya. The “qafiya” refers to the rhyming sample that is utilized just just before the radeef at the finish of each couplet. The qafiya is required to the perform of every Urdu poem, even when the other regulations are not adhered to.
Now that you know what just about every of the five conditions refer to, we change our attention to how they govern an Urdu poem’s composition. 1st, every single couplet of a ghazal will have a completely different concept from all the other couplets in the very same ghazal. Second, all the couplets of a ghazal must have the identical bahar. Each one couplet in a ghazal must also close in the similar radeef and use the similar qafiya. Each Urdu poem has a matla but some could not have a maqta.
Like with most rules, there are also a range of exceptions:
o There are some ghazals that do not incorporate radeef.
o Sometimes, the ashaar of a ghazal will have the exact same theme.
o Modern Urdu Poetry is a great deal much less restrictive with the use of bahar than in the earlier.
If you are experience a minor perplexed, know that that is absolutely standard. It is fully comprehensible if you do not get it the initially time you examine it. Acquire a deep breath a attempt to slowly but surely digest the information and facts. It genuinely is a great deal much easier than you consider